Fish and Fishes

Big Fishes Eat Little Fishes by Bruegel the Elder

Everybody knows that, like deer and deer, "fish" is both the singular and plural word for, well, fish.
Everybody has heard someone pluralize "fish" as "fishes."
My entire life I have assumed that both were legitimate synonymous words, but that "fish" is the more accepted form in modern usage.
What a fool I have been!

"Fish" refers to multiple creatures of the same type or species, and "fishes" refers to multiple creatures of different species.

Two goldfish are fish. A goldfish and a catfish are fishes. The above is a picture of fishes.

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